The #GC2022 finalists are out! Read more.

search
×
menu
login
donate
Community toilets for SPARC
mumbai, India
Written by:
follow
share on:mail linkcopy link to clipboardShare via LinkedInShare via TwitterShare via FacebookShare via Facebook
Innovative public toilet built in a slum in mumbai.

image: RMA architects | © all rights reserved
i
Category:
infrastructure
Phase:
under construction
Design:
Rahul Mehrotra Architects
Updated:
29 May 2015
introduction

The Society for Promotion of Area Resource Centers(SPARC) is a non-profit that works with residents of informal settlements in India to secure rights and provide access to those sorely lacking infrastructure in their communities. SPARC sought to create a community toilet model that could not only provide safe access to clean public toilets in various communities in Mumbai, but also become a space for community interaction.

 

Concept Phase renders

image: RMA architects | © all rights reserved
i
read more >
< read less
cultural and social context

Mumbai has a population of 15 million, more than half of which lives in slum settlements. Under the programme of environmental improvement of slums, many of the settlements have been provided basic services of piped water supply, public latrines and open drains by the local authority. They are, however, woefully inadequate and badly maintained.

Public Toiles in Slums are plagued with a multitude of issues. Infrastructure of the toilets is poor. Badly constructed and maintained loos has lead to sexual harassment of women in slums, in some cases.

There are very few toilet seats vis-a-vis the number of residents that forces people to defecate in the open, inviting trouble and loss of dignity. Many of these toilets do not have functional doors, latches and ventilators. The toilets do not have provision of dustbins The toilets are dingy, stuffy and smelly.

read more >
< read less
materials and building techniques

A prototype community toilet was initially designed with input from SPARC's volunteers and community leaders from across Mumbai. The first community toilet based on this prototype was built in an informal settlement in Mumbai itself. The building features toilets for men and women, a separate children's toilet, and a community gathering space on a covered terrace that has been since used for small gatherings and family events. A green wall composed of steel mesh panels with fragrant Thunbergia creepers was planned to provide privacy for toilet windows and becomes a place making element in the neighborhood.

Materials used

image: RMA architects | © all rights reserved
i
read more >
< read less
image gallery
Terrace

image: RMA architects | © all rights reserved
i
Night shot with Planting

image: RMA architects | © all rights reserved
i
Terrace

image: RMA architects | © all rights reserved
i
From a distance

image: RMA architects | © all rights reserved
i
external links
Location
show earth plate boundarieshide earth plate boundaries
Explore more inspirations
Keyword:
community (138)
green facade (2)
infrastructure (27)
prev
  •  meeting place
    Centro de Acçao Social por Música
    São Paulo, Brazil
  •  meeting place
    “Sorbole” - Urban garden’s equipment
    Seville, Spain
  •  education
    Thnouh School
    Takeo, Cambodia
  •  meeting place
    Multipurpose Room COVEMV
    Morelia, Mexico
  •  education
    Children's Centre XEWA SOWE
    Village of Sowé (Glazoué), Benin
  •  housing
    Floating dwellings
    Dong Nai, Vietnam
  •  work & business
    Community Development Centre at Mystic Village
    Khajjiar, Himachal Pradesh, India
  •  housing
    Fujian Tulou
    Fujian, China
  •  health & sanitation
    Ruku Kucho Center for the Elderly
    Ecuador
  • play
     education
    Healing Spaces for Children of War Zones
    Damascus, Syria
  •  education
    Siddhartha Primary School
    Bimire village, Nepal
  • play
    GC2022 finalist
     meeting place
    San Blas Social Action Center
    Caracas, Venezuela
  •  education
    Muping Village School
    Guizhou, China
  •  housing
    Edifício São Vito
    São Paulo, Brazil
  •  housing
    Casa Rosales
    Tlalnepantla Morelos, Mexico
  •  urban planning
    De Ceuvel
    Amsterdam, Netherlands
  •  education
    Transforming Learning Spaces in Rwanda
    Muhanga, Rwanda
  •  education
    Hwange Technical College
    Hwange, Zimbabwe
  •  housing
    boat houses
    Ine, Kyoto, Japan
  •  meeting place
    open architecture
    Tokyo, Japan
  •  work & business
    Beehive Technology and Enterprise Park
    Chilomoni, Blantyre, Malawi
  •  housing
    JINTAI VILLAGE RECONSTRUCTION
    JINTAI, China
  • play
     meeting place
    Sunzu Village Community Center
    Burera, Rwanda
  •  meeting place
    Pol houses (residential cluster)
    Ahmedabad, India
  • GC2021 finalist
     education
    Rebuilding the Haadibadi Community library
    Bengaluru City, India
  •  education
    Silindokuhle Preschool
    Port Elizabeth, South Africa
  •  meeting place
    Generating Resilience
    Majuli, India
  •  meeting place
    Tiuna El Fuerte
    Caracas, Venezuela
  •  emergency shelter
    Single Mothers Association of Kariokor (SMAK)
    Nairobi, Kenya
  •  recreation & sport
    Olive Grove Open Air cinema
    Moria, Lesvos, Greece
  • GC2021 finalist
     education
    A School Built By the People, For The People
    Jorhat, India
  • play
     education
    Mallki Wasi - Education for the Amazon guardians
    Kosñipata, Peru
  •  emergency shelter
    Low-cost modular housing scheme
    Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  •  housing
    Yurt / Ger
    Mongolia
  •  housing
    La Passerelle, France
    Seine Saint-Denis, France
  •  education
    Motherwell Community and Enviro Hub
    Gqeberha, South Africa
  •  meeting place
    Pondok Tagal
    Kampung Maligan, Malaysia
  •  education
    Jubilant Tree School
    Moshi, Tanzania
  •  emergency shelter
    Catenarius
    Paraguay
  •  recreation & sport
    Community center in eco community in mountains
    Kosiv, Ukraine
  •  recreation & sport
    sport clubhouse Kalobeyei, Kenya
    Kalobeyei, Kenya
  •  meeting place
    Liyuan Library
    Jiao jie he (交界河村), China
  •  urban planning
    The High Line
    New York, U.S.A.
  •  meeting place
    Old Market Library
    Bangkok, Thailand
  •  meeting place
    Naidi Community Hall
    Naidi Village, Fiji
  • play
     infrastructure
    Using Waste to Manage Waste
    Sangti, India
  • play
     meeting place
    Matta Sur heritage and community center
    Santiago, Chile
  •  education
    A school for Syrian refugee children in Lebanon, once was a pavilion in an International expo in Italy.
    Al-Marj, Bekaa, Lebanon
  •  meeting place
    Indian Coffee House
    Thampanoor, India
  •  education
    Community Learning Centre in Pasman Tol
    Pasman Tol, Nepal
  •  housing
    Project Suitcase - Manchenahalli
    Rayanakkalu village, Manchenahalli Gram Panchayat, India
  •  education
    Njoro Children's Library
    Mailisita, Kilimanjaro , Tanzania
  •  education
    Khaanabadosh
    Ajmer, India
  •  health & sanitation
    Warka Village Cameroon
    Cameroon
  •  education
    Adharshila School Extension Project
    Agara Village, Sheopur District, Madhya Pradesh, India
  •  education
    P'Yan School Project
    Mae Sot, Thailand
  •  housing
    Torre de David
    Caracas, Venezuela
  • GC2021 finalist
     meeting place
    Community Kickstarter: Ger District Viewing Deck
    Mongolia
  •  education
    Impact Pavilion Ibadan: Connect, Learn, Thrive
    Alaka Community, Ojoo, Ibadan, Nigeria
  •  housing
    Granby Four Streets
    Liverpool, United Kingdom
  • play
     education
    Hilltop School
    Hyderabad, India
  •  housing
    A new Community House for Bai Giua
    Hanoi, Vietnam
  •  religion & memorial
    Tógu nà
    Dogon, Mali
  •  meeting place
    Community Learning Center Corralones
    Sacaba, Bolivia
  •  meeting place
    Old Vicarage Youth Centre
    Bradford, United Kingdom
  •  housing
    Community led housing design in Munting Nayon
    Muntinlupa City, Philippines
  •  meeting place
    El Faro de Mapasingue
    Guayaquil , Ecuador
  •  housing
    Kampung Kali Chode, Yogyakarta
    Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  •  meeting place
    Kazi na Bobo - community shop built with plastic bottles
    Msitu wa Tembo, Tanzania
  • play
     religion & memorial
    Iglesia de Coquí
    Coquí, Chocó, Colombia
  •  health & sanitation
    Hammam Khist-i-Kopruk
    Kholm, Balkh province, Afghanistan
  •  housing
    Project Chacras; Pop up Productive Housing
    Arenillas, Ecuador
  •  meeting place
    El Pinto. equity through collective empowerment
    Querétaro, Mexico
  •  education
    FAVA School for Individuals with Autism
    Caracas, Venezuela
  •  housing
    Rural Housing Development Program
    Chitrawad, Gujarat, India
  •  housing
    Ruca Dwellings
    Huechuraba, Chile
  •  education
    El jardin de Adele
    Encañada, Peru
  • play
    GC2021 finalist
     education
    Taller Tropical Moravia 2.0
    Medellín, Colombia
  •  education
    PLAYSCAPE
    Koh Rong Island, Cambodia
  • GC2022 finalist
     housing
    Mini-Cyclone Shelter for Vulnerable Communities.
    Bhola, Bangladesh
  •  housing
    Batak Toba Houses
    Lake Toba, Indonesia
  •  housing
    OA Bamboo House
    Various locations, Malaysia
  •  housing
    Dorchester Art + Housing Collaborative
    Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.
  •  work & business
    Sembalun Bamboo Youth Development Centre
    Lombok, Indonesia
  •  housing
    Tulou Collective Housing
    Nanhai, Guangdong, China
  •  health & sanitation
    Butaro hospital
    Burera, Rwanda
  •  housing
    Palafitos
    Castro, Chile
  • play
     work & business
    Transforming Puffed Rice Making MicroBusiness Unit
    Dharwad, India
  • play
     recreation & sport
    Plot ABC - phase 2
    Yangon, Myanmar (Burma)
  • play
     meeting place
    StadtGoesFuture-Culthäusle
    Filderstadt-Plattenhardt, Germany
  •  urban planning
    A Corridor for People
    Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
  •  education
    Initiative Rising Star - school buildings for Hopley, Zimbabwe
    Harare, Zimbabwe
  •  recreation & sport
    Kimisagara Community Centre
    Kimisagara, Rwanda
  • GC2022 finalist
     housing
    KuNa, Construyendo Sueños
    El Astillero, Tola, Nicaragua
  •  meeting place
    El Tr3bol de Ciudad de Cali
    Bogotá, Colombia
  •  recreation & sport
    M&M Marketplace Enhancement Project - Plaza
    Hillsboro, U.S.A.
  • play
     health & sanitation
    Kamuna agricultural rehabilitation centre
    Kamuna, Cankuzo, Burundi
  •  health & sanitation
    Rwinkwavu Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
    Kayonza District, Rwanda
  •  housing
    Eden Bio
    Paris, France
  •  education
    JAHMAZING Bamboo Lab
    Marley Coffee Farm, Blue Mountains, Jamaica
  •  meeting place
    Chamanga Cultural Center
    Chamanga, Ecuador
  •  education
    Collective School in Fansirà Corò
    Yelekebougou, Mali
  •  housing
    HATHIGAON - Housing for Mahouts and their Elephants
    Jaipur, India
  •  agriculture & fisheries
    Community Greenhouse
    Quito, Ecuador
  •  meeting place
    Iche_Food for thought: a hub for glocal innovation
    San Vicente, Ecuador
  •  urban planning
    The (Picard)Street as key space for Transition
    Brussels, Belgium
  • play
     education
    Community Center for Indigenous music/ environment
    Tuba, Philippines
  •  meeting place
    Tulou renovation
    Longyan City, Fujian, China
  • play
    GC2022 finalist
     education
    KAKR BULUH AWAR
    Deli Serdang, Indonesia
  • play
     meeting place
    Casa Comunal de la Isla de Portete / Ecuador.
    Portete, Ecuador
  •  health & sanitation
    The Rain and the Umbrellas
    Bekasi Regency, Indonesia
  • play
     urban planning
    Let's co-create our city: Jhenaidah
    Jhenaidah, Bangladesh
  •  housing
    CODEC - Affordable Resilient Housing Program
    Chitalmari Upazila, Bangladesh
  •  education
    Playgrounds for Refugees as emergency response
    Bar Elias, Lebanon
  •  meeting place
    Farmers' Innovation Center (BLF)
    Angangba (Nagaland), India
  •  meeting place
    LOCAL COMUNITARIO A.F. 10 DE JULIO
    LIMA, Peru
  •  meeting place
    BE friendly space
    Mao Khe, Vietnam
  •  meeting place
    Community Center
    Oudong, Cambodia
  •  housing
    Mousgoum dwellings
    Pouss, Cameroon
  •  health & sanitation
    Hygiene Station for Cattlefield Village School
    Yunnan, China
  •  meeting place
    BES Pavilion
    Ha Tinh city, Vietnam
  • play
    GC2022 finalist
     education
    The Baitussalam School
    Jacobabad, Pakistan
  • play
     meeting place
    Trichy Commons Network
    Trichy, India
  •  religion & memorial
    Bamboo chapels
    Jama, Ecuador
  • play
     health & sanitation
    KINATCO Community Centre Project : PHASE II
    Mathare 3A Slums, Nairobi, Kenya
  •  education
    Training Center for Mae Tao Clinic
    Mae Sot, Thailand
  •  education
    Okana center for change
    Okana, Kenya
  •  emergency shelter
    Arts and Trades Workshop "La Perseverancia"
    Jojutla, Morelos, Mexico
  • play
     housing
    Orphanage for former streetboys
    Nairobi, Kenya
  •  education
    Polyvalent Cultural Center in Senegal
    Tanaff, Senegal
  •  health & sanitation
    Better Bhalswa
    Delhi, India
  •  meeting place
    Casa De La Cultura, Arte y Paz, Jacobo Arenas
    San José del Guaviare, Colombia
  • GC2022 finalist
     meeting place
    Barrios que Cuidan
    Independencia - Lima, Peru
  •  meeting place
    THE SHIP WALL OF ANIMAS
    Havana, Cuba
  •  urban planning
    Re-imagining tea carts in Calicut, India
    Calicut, India
  • play
     education
    SSPD Slum School
    Lahore , Pakistan
  •  housing
    RE:Ukraine housing. Pilot project
    Vorzel, Ukraine
  •  housing
    Le Village Noir
    Gatlang, Nepal
next