Kamuna agricultural rehabilitation centre
Kamuna, Cankuzo, Burundi
Location:
Kamuna, Cankuzo, Burundi
Category:
health & sanitation
Phase:
design development
Updated:
12 August 2021
Unfortunately in Burundi people suffering from drug abuse experience a lot of rejection. They are seen as criminals and considered by their families fully responsible for their fate. 

The Center shall support individuals through their drug withdrawal, offer them a healthy community with professionals supporting them day and night, to overcome their addiction and let them re-enter the society as active members. 
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Introduction
A.LU.MA Burundi is an association initially actif in the fight against Malaria. Their care center is located in Kamenge (Bujumbura) and the anti-malaria project lasted from April 2004 until 30 April 2017.

In 2017 a large increase in drug users was noted, it became especially very present and visible in poor suburbs like Kamenge. The political crisis of 2015, harmed above all young adults, by increasing their rate of unemployment, reviving certain traumas from previous civil wars and being manipulated by politicians for their agendas. 

As the Anti Malaria project was getting to it’s end in 2017, A.LU.MA  felt like helping the public administration to tackle this new phenomenon. The former Anti Malaria Center became a PsychoSocial center, where people can find counseling and therapy for free. The activities started in 2019 and have had a positive impact until now but it is still insufficient. Too many patients fall into relapse after a short amount of time.

To really recover they need to be cut off from their environment, living in a community made of professionals and locals helping them through their process and being trained to (re)enter the work market once they fully recover. 

A.LU.MA wishes to create these conditions by building a rehabilitation center, on a plot in Cankuzo (northern Burundi) donated by the Government of Burundi for its good work.
Plot donated by the Government of Burundi for the construction of the centre

image: Albert Mbonernane | © all rights reserved
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Impact
Community space and intimacy

The centre, located in an agricultural field on the Kamuna hill, will offer the ideal environment for the rehabilitation process. Thanks to the peaceful surroundings, the medical and psychological follow-up, the different activities offered and its architecture, residents will emerge from the space feeling both restored and resilient.

One of the challenges of the project, which is essential for the purpose of rehabilitation, is to recreate a sense of community among its residents. At the same time, it is important to offer them an intimate space in which each one can find their personal space. For these reasons, the project is developed around two courtyards. The first one is dedicated to group activities and medical care, while the second accommodates the bedrooms and dormitories. Internal subdivisions into sleeping compartments ensure privacy in the dormitories.

Sustainable construction, training, and protection of the environnement 

Due to the choice of materials and construction methods, the architectural project will model both sustainable and affordable design to the residents, as well as the surrounding rural community. 

The centre will provide workshops in clay construction and carpentry, in order to offer training in sustainable building and to allow the residents to maintain the building themselves. In addition to this training, the agricultural work will supply most of the food for the centre. The surplus will be sold in the shops along the road and will also serve to increase awareness of the centre.

In this way, we aim to support excluded women and men by offering them the opportunity to train and work in sustainable construction and environmental restoration.
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Core team
Itinérances is an architectural collective mainly interested in the themes of sustainability, self-building, micro-architecture and informal structures. In its work, it prioritises the use of local resources and participation in the project’s construction of. It brings together two architects and an architect-carpenter: Camille Brachet, Anita Fabbiano and Julien Donzé, who met at the Polytechnic School of Lausanne and have since been working in different European regions.

Thierry Kwizera was born in Burundi and spent his childhood between Bonn (Germany) and his native country, thus developing a strong link with both cultures. He has been living in Europe since 2011 for his studies and is currently working at Joliba e.V (Berlin) as an intercultural social worker.

Albert Mbonerane, Burundian ambassador to Germany (1993-1997), Minister of Environment (2002-2005), he created two associations in 2005, one named ACVE (Action ceinture verte pour l'environnement) working in the protection of the environment and rehabilitation of green spaces, and also the association A.LU.MA Burundi which worked until 2017 in the fight against Malaria in Bujumbura.

Nervé Ndayizeye, a native of Kamuna, Cankuzo,  is a civil engineer graduated from Ntare Rushatsi University in Bujumbura.

Rocky is a Burundian blogger living in Bujumbura. He is employed at Yaga, a Burundian media company . He has written articles and directed videos showing the impact of "Boost", the new drug that is ravaging part of Bujumbura's youth.

Viviane Yizire graduated in psychology in the University of Lyon III (France). She  works at the A.LU.MA Psychosocial Centre in Bujumbura, where she is developing a project to raise awareness among families whose members suffer from psychological disorders or use illicit substances.

Itinérances first met the other members of the team in 2012 during a trip to Burundi. They then kept in touch and combined their different fields of knowledge to develop the project. 

Currently five psychologists, two general practitioners, one coordinator, two social workers work permanently at the Psycho Social care centre. Patients voluntarily decide to follow this program.
current medical team

image: Albert Mbonerane | © all rights reserved
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Image gallery
leisure activities at the centre

image: Albert Mbonerane | © all rights reserved
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Informing patients about the centre

image: Albert Mbonernare | © all rights reserved
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leisure activities and meals at the centre

image: Albert Mbonerane | © all rights reserved
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visit to a drug dealing area

image: public domain
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manufacture of covid masks

image: Albert Mbonerane | © all rights reserved
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crafts activities and training for the patients

image: Albert Mbonerane | © all rights reserved
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visits to patients' families

image: Albert Mbonerane | © all rights reserved
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daily care and examinations

image: Albert Mbonerane | © all rights reserved
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training of the medical team

image: Albert Mbonerane | © all rights reserved
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training on setting up moringa nursery

image: Albert Mbonerane | © all rights reserved
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Technical drawings
Plan 1:200 scale

image: Itinérances architecture | © all rights reserved
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axonometry of the project

image: Itinérances architecture | © all rights reserved
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sections 1:200 scale

image: Itinérances architecture | © all rights reserved
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axonometry of the structure

image: Itinérances architecture | © all rights reserved
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study model

image: Itinérances architecture | © all rights reserved
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wall construction detail

image: Itinérances architecture | © all rights reserved
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materials catalogue

image: Itinérances architecture | © all rights reserved
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External links
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Where are we now
In November 2019, the Psychosocial Care Center started its activities thanks to the financial support of MISEREOR Germany and GVC Italia. Their financial support has helped the Association to recruit two doctors, five psychiatrists and three social workers. It has financed workshops and helped launch a sensitization campaign in Bujumbura.

Some patients have also been trained on setting up Moringa nurseries, a very important plant used in the prevention of Malaria, and have been trained in basket weaving, a relaxful and gainful activity. 

The first annual activity report made clear the need to build another center with accommodation facilities located far away from Bujumbura. Therefore the team has been actively engaging with it during this last year.
An indication of our team’s capacity:
20% funding already raised
80% expertise already found
5% materials / equipment already found
10% builders already found
Finance: € 108,200
Donations will allow us to use local and sustainable materials, with the aim of reinterpreting and improving local techniques and without the necessity of resorting to imported industrial ones . 

Thanks to them we’ll be able to quickly start the next project design phase (phase 1). This includes the analysis of the site and the topography of the land and the development of the project details through the construction of three mock-ups. The first one will be used to study the percentage of concrete and filling materials in the casting of the socle. The second will be used to optimise the dimensions of the wooden elements for the assembly of the beams and pillars of the frameworks. The last one will allow us to refine the construction technique of non-load-bearing walls in raw earth. 

Afterwards we will be able to start the construction work (phase 2), for which we foresee a budget of 89'100 euros.
  • phase 1 - mock-ups' materials
  • 4,200
  • phase 1 - fees and labour
  • 6,000
  • phase 1 - expenses
  • 8,900
  • phase 2 - preliminary works
  • 900
  • phase 2 - raw materials
  • 41,500
  • phase 2 - carpentry (openings, build-in furniture)
  • 5,800
  • phase 2 - electricity
  • 2,900
  • phase 2 - sanitaries, piping and water collection
  • 5,000
  • phase 2 - fees and labour
  • 23,000
  • phase 2 - expenses
  • 10,000
    Stuff: Equipment & tools
    The project requires in-kind donations such as construction tools, agriculture tools and equipment for the functioning of the centre. 

    Once used for construction works the tools will be stored in the workshops and re-employed by the residents for training and maintenance of the building in an interdisciplinary reintegration perspective. We anticipate the need for: laser, wheelbarrows, saws, drills, nailer, stapler, angle grinder, sander, planer, trowels and sets of manual tools.

    Medical equipment, furniture and household appliances will be needed once the construction is completed to ensure comfortable accommodation. These include: hospital medical bed, folding screens, first-aid kits, beds, mosquito nets, bedsheets, tables, chairs and cooking equipment.

    Agricultural tools such as pickaxes, spades, rates, and buckets are required for the implementation of activities.

    Furthermore the common area will be equipped with computers, tv, musical instruments and board games to strengthen community links, any donation of this kind will be highly appreciated.
    Help bring our project to life!
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