The #GC2022 finalists are out! Read more.

search
×
menu
login
donate
Grande Hotel Beira
Beira, Mozambique
follow
share on:mail linkcopy link to clipboardShare via LinkedInShare via TwitterShare via FacebookShare via Facebook
A former luxury hotel, currently a vertical slum which is occupi

image: iolanda | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
Category:
recreation & sport
Phase:
in use
Design:
José Porto & Fransico de Castro
Updated:
11 May 2013
introduction

The Grande Hotel Beira was once a luxurious hotel in Beira, Mozambique. It was opened as a hotel from 1954. It served until 1963 as the ‘Pride of Africa’, after that it became a ‘white elephant’. During the Mozambican civil war, the hotel became a military base and served later on as a refugee camp. Today it is a vertical slum which is squatted by proximally 1077 inhabitants. They have to live under poverty and under bad hygienic conditions. Most of the interior and additive construction materials is stripped off the building to generate income for primary daily survival. One example is that the water, sewer and electricity system is completely removed in exchange for food and water. The parquet floor is used as fuel for cooking.

read more >
< read less
cultural and social context

The prestigious Grande Hotel was built between 1953 and 1955 by architect Fransico de Castro. The concept design is of architect José Porto who was related to the Gabinete de Urbanização Colonial in Lisbon, Portugal. The project was intended to celebrate the success of the Portuguese fascistic regime of the Estado Novo in Beira. The goal was to establish a luxury accommodation for business partners, influential persons and wealthy tourists which had to come mainly from Rhodesia, South Africa and the Portuguese colonial empire. The hotel consisted the finest, most luxurious and most modern materials. The total construction costs went three times over budget. This was worth for the client Arthur Brandão, a high influential person within the regime. With 116 hotel rooms and a floor surface of 21,000 m² it could never became profitable, even with the most prosperous estimations. The expected tourist never came to the industrial harbor city of Beira, they preferred the Krügerpark, Victoria Falls and the Bazaruto archipelago. The Grande Hotel was from 1954 until 1963 in full operation. After the closing in 1963 remained the Olympic swimming pool in the garden remained open for the neighborhood. The hotel itself was only used as conference centre and for large parties. Some people argue that the reason of failure was that it could not obtain a casino license. The regime believed that it was not moral to have places of gabling in his African colonies. Because of that the client of the Grande Hotel was a high influential person within the regime, the story of the casino could be considered as a myth.

read more >
< read less
materials and building techniques

The original construction of the Grande Hotel is based on the Five Principles of Modern Architecture of Le Corbusier. The floors and the columns are made of in-situ reinforced concrete. The façade is partly made by in-situ concrete and is predominantly not-load bearing. The internal division is made by hollow bricks which where plastered. Today, most of the additive construction materials, such as the wooden finishing, are removed for sell or used as fuel. Only the main supporting construction and the internal space divisions are remained. The additive in-built shelters are made by simple and semi-temporary building techniques, similar to the vernacular informal shelter building techniques in urban Mozambique using thatched mats, sink roof sheets, cement bricks and wood. There is no internal water, (rain) water drainage, sewerage, electricity and ventilation system anymore. Water is supplied by a single water pump which is private owned and paid. The other water resource is rain water collection and the highly polluted former swimming pool in the garden. The beach and the edge of the small park next to the hotel is currently used as public sanitation.

earth and climate

The biggest climatic issue in the Grande Hotel is the ventilation. The original ventilation system is not working properly anymore due to the additions and removals which took place. The ventilation in the original design was managed by natural ventilation by the open galleries and window frames with shutters. In each hotel room was there a fan on the ceiling. The windows are now not covered with glass but by planks or other solid materials. The overcrowding by large families is causing a serious cooling problem. Overheating occurs especially during the hot nights with high humidity. People are forced to sleep on the open collective galleries or outside the Grande Hotel, encouraging the occurrence of robbery and thievery.

read more >
< read less
image gallery
Grande Hotel Beira Mozambique

image: Michiel Van Balen | CC-BY_black.png some rights reserved
i
the hotel in 1977

image: Dan Iggers | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
Internal living spaces in former lobby

image: Castro Prieto | CC-BY-NC-ND_black.png some rights reserved
i
Main stairs

image: Castro Prieto | © all rights reserved
i
Sunrise over the awaking Grande Hotel

image: Ferry Verheij | © all rights reserved
i
Indivualism

image: Ferry Verheij | © all rights reserved
i
Water carrier in 1994

image: Greg Marinovich | © all rights reserved
i
Balconies front façade

image: Lotte Stoops | © all rights reserved
i
Wash drying above the rubbish

image: Lotte Stoops | © all rights reserved
i
Washing in polluted swimming pool

image: Lotte Stoops | © all rights reserved
i
Historical aerial view of the Grande Hotel

image: Lotte Stoops | © all rights reserved
i
Current aerial view of the Grande Hotel

image: public domain
i
technical drawings
Current situation - Ground floor

image: Robert R. Cruiming | © all rights reserved
i
Current situation - Basement

image: Robert R. Cruiming | © all rights reserved
i
Current situation - First floor

image: Robert R. Cruiming | © all rights reserved
i
Current situation - Second floor

image: Robert R. Cruiming | © all rights reserved
i
Current situation - Third floor

image: Robert R. Cruiming | © all rights reserved
i
Current situation - Terrace roof

image: Robert R. Cruiming | © all rights reserved
i
Current situation - Legend

image: Robert R. Cruiming | © all rights reserved
i
Location
show earth plate boundarieshide earth plate boundaries
Explore more inspirations
Keyword:
participation (112)
reuse building (23)
informal settlement (68)
low income (29)
prev
  •  housing
    Dwellings Sangha Bongo
    Bongo, Mali
  •  education
    Primary School Balaguina
    Balaguina, Mali
  •  meeting place
    Le 56 / Eco-interstice
    Paris, France
  •  urban planning
    Ko Panyi
    Ko Panyi, Thailand
  •  housing
    Rosenda’s house
    Guadalupe, Nuevo Leon , Mexico
  •  education
    Community School in N'Tyeani
    N'tyeani, Mali
  •  education
    School Kani Kombole
    Kani Kombolé, Mali
  •  recreation & sport
    Million Donkey Hotel
    Prata Sannita, Italy
  •  education
    Seven Fountains Primary School
    KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
  •  urban planning
    Parque El Óvalo - Pamplona Alta (Lima, Perú)
    Lima, Peru
  •  education
    Safe Haven Library
    Ban Tha Song Yang, Thailand
  •  emergency shelter
    Canopy Installation
    New Delhi, India
  •  education
    Cassia Co-op Training Centre
    sungai penuh, kerinci, Indonesia
  •  meeting place
    Place au Changement
    Saint-Étienne, France
  •  emergency shelter
    Khuda-Ki-Basti
    Hyderabad, Pakistan
  •  meeting place
    Klong Toey Community Lantern
    Bangkok, Thailand
  •  education
    Primary School Tanouan Ibi
    Tanouan Ibi, Mali
  •  housing
    Integrated People-driven Reconstruction
    Banda Aceh, Indonesia
  •  education
    MOVING school 003
    Mae Sot, Thailand
  •  education
    School Banani
    Banani, Mali
  •  education
    Tikau Village House
    Odisha, India
  •  meeting place
    Mapungubwe Interpretation Centre
    Mapungubwe, South Africa
  •  meeting place
    laTren - elNodo Participatory Cultural Center
    Saltillo, Mexico
  •  education
    Gen Educational Farm
    Antofagasta, Chile
  •  meeting place
    Esperanza
    El Cabuyal, Ecuador
  •  health & sanitation
    BioCenter
    Kibera, Kenya
  •  infrastructure
    Caracas Metro Cable
    Caracas, Venezuela
  •  education
    Ithuba School Mzamba
    Mzamba, South Africa
  •  meeting place
    Treasure Hill Symbiotic Settlement
    Taipei, Taiwan
  •  meeting place
    Slovo Hall.
    Johannesburg, South Africa
  •  meeting place
    Project Row Houses
    Houston, U.S.A.
  •  religion & memorial
    BAMBOO CHURCH
    yogyakarta, Indonesia
  •  education
    Colegio de las Aguas Montebello
    Cali - Montebello, Colombia
  •  housing
    Colón 36
    Castuera, Spain
  •  housing
    Rural Bayview Village
    Bayview, U.S.A.
  •  education
    Makoko Floating School
    Lagos, Nigeria
  •  housing
    Design Home Solution
    Delhi, India
  •  housing
    House of Plenty
    Nijmegen, Netherlands
  •  meeting place
    Community Center in Jatimulyo
    Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • play
     meeting place
    Trichy Commons Network
    Trichy, India
  •  recreation & sport
    Rural Sports Center
    San Pedro Apóstol, Oaxaca, Mexico
  • play
     education
    Hilltop School
    Hyderabad, India
  •  recreation & sport
    Olive Grove Open Air cinema
    Moria, Lesvos, Greece
  •  education
    EARTHBAGS CHILDREN CENTER
    Palestinian Territories
  •  education
    Al Khan Al Ahmar Primary School
    Al Khan Al Ahmar Bedouin Camp, Palestinian Territories
  • play
    GC2022 finalist
     meeting place
    San Blas Social Action Center
    Caracas, Venezuela
  •  meeting place
    LOCAL COMUNITARIO A.F. 10 DE JULIO
    LIMA, Peru
  •  housing
    Favela Pianting Santa Marta
    Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  •  education
    Quarter Library in Katì Cokò
    Bamako, Mali
  • GC2022 finalist
     work & business
    The Women's House of Imloul
    Imloul, Morocco
  •  education
    Ecole du Scarabée / Scarab School
    north of timbuktu, Mali
  •  housing
    Casalata
    Mindelo, Cape Verde
  •  meeting place
    R-Urban
    Colombes, France
  •  education
    Primary School Gangouroubouro
    Gangouroubouro, Mali
  • play
     urban planning
    Let's co-create our city: Jhenaidah
    Jhenaidah, Bangladesh
  •  infrastructure
    Community Bamboo Footbridge
    Davao City, Philippines
  • GC2021 finalist
     agriculture & fisheries
    Cocina CoLaboratorio
    Ejido Loma Bonita, Mexico
  •  infrastructure
    Taxi Rank
    Magagula Heights, Katlehong, South Africa
  •  health & sanitation
    Ruku Kucho Center for the Elderly
    Ecuador
  •  education
    Library of Muyinga
    Muyinga, Burundi
  •  education
    Ithuba Community College
    Ekurhuleni, Gauteng, South Africa
  •  meeting place
    (CON)VIVENCIAS
    Lima, Peru
  •  education
    Wadi Abu Hindi Playground
    Wadi Abu Hindi Bedouin camp, Palestinian Territories
  •  education
    Wadi Abu Hindi Primary School
    Wadi Abu Hindi Bedouin camp, Palestinian Territories
  •  housing
    Ciudadelas de Paz - Building for Peace
    Manaure, Cesar, Colombia
  •  meeting place
    Old Vicarage Youth Centre
    Bradford, United Kingdom
  •  meeting place
    Making Space in Dalston
    London, United Kingdom
  • GC2022 finalist
     meeting place
    Barrios que Cuidan
    Independencia - Lima, Peru
  •  education
    Hostels for girls, Iringa region, Tanzania
    Iringa region, Tanzania
  •  education
    Transforming Learning Spaces in Rwanda
    Muhanga, Rwanda
  •  education
    MOVING school 002
    Mae Ramat, Thailand
  •  work & business
    Community Development Centre at Mystic Village
    Khajjiar, Himachal Pradesh, India
  •  religion & memorial
    San Isidro Chapel
    Oaxaca, Mexico
  •  health & sanitation
    RE-MOVABLE CLINIC
    Palestinian Territories
  •  emergency shelter
    Arts and Trades Workshop "La Perseverancia"
    Jojutla, Morelos, Mexico
  •  housing
    Black Bamboo Community Center
    Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  •  education
    School Sangha
    Sangha, Mali
  •  education
    Obispo Anaya School
    Cochabamba, Bolivia
  •  housing
    Incremental collective housing
    Neak Loeang, Cambodia
  •  meeting place
    Agaw-Agaw Resettlement: Social & Spatial Inclusion
    Muntinlupa City, Philippines
  •  work & business
    Beehive Technology and Enterprise Park
    Chilomoni, Blantyre, Malawi
  •  housing
    Quinta Monroy Housing
    Iquique, Chile
  •  education
    Hwange Technical College
    Hwange, Zimbabwe
  •  education
    Impact Pavilion Ibadan: Connect, Learn, Thrive
    Alaka Community, Ojoo, Ibadan, Nigeria
  • play
    GC2022 finalist
     agriculture & fisheries
    La Villa Pesquera del Crash Boat
    Aguadilla, Puerto Rico
  •  recreation & sport
    sport clubhouse Kalobeyei, Kenya
    Kalobeyei, Kenya
  • GC2022 finalist
     housing
    Mini-Cyclone Shelter for Vulnerable Communities.
    Bhola, Bangladesh
  • GC2021 finalist
     meeting place
    Community Kickstarter: Ger District Viewing Deck
    Mongolia
  •  education
    Kusikuna Eco-Active School
    Apote - Tiquipaya, Bolivia
  •  meeting place
    Forgotten Spaces; from Rust to Revival !
    Cairo, Egypt
  • play
     religion & memorial
    Iglesia de Coquí
    Coquí, Chocó, Colombia
  • play
     urban planning
    EXTRAMUROS Año Nuevo
    Lima, Peru
  •  housing
    Post-Tsunami Rehabilitation
    Kirinda, Sri Lanka
  •  meeting place
    El Tr3bol de Ciudad de Cali
    Bogotá, Colombia
  •  housing
    CODEC - Affordable Resilient Housing Program
    Chitalmari Upazila, Bangladesh
  •  housing
    OA Bamboo House
    Various locations, Malaysia
  •  education
    A school for Syrian refugee children in Lebanon, once was a pavilion in an International expo in Italy.
    Al-Marj, Bekaa, Lebanon
  •  urban planning
    The (Picard)Street as key space for Transition
    Brussels, Belgium
  •  education
    Trade School in Guatemala
    Cerro la Granadilla (San Raimundo), Guatemala
  •  meeting place
    CASA ENSAMBLE CHACARÁ
    Pereira, Colombia
  •  education
    Children's Centre XEWA SOWE
    Village of Sowé (Glazoué), Benin
  •  education
    Playgrounds for Refugees as emergency response
    Bar Elias, Lebanon
  •  infrastructure
    Bamboo Bridge in Solo
    Solo, Indonesia
  •  housing
    Project Suitcase - Manchenahalli
    Rayanakkalu village, Manchenahalli Gram Panchayat, India
  • play
    GC2021 finalist
     education
    Taller Tropical Moravia 2.0
    Medellín, Colombia
  •  meeting place
    Kazi na Bobo - community shop built with plastic bottles
    Msitu wa Tembo, Tanzania
  • play
     education
    Mallki Wasi - Education for the Amazon guardians
    Kosñipata, Peru
  •  meeting place
    Multipurpose Room COVEMV
    Morelia, Mexico
  •  housing
    Co-housing Project at Ciliwung Riverfront
    Jakarta, Indonesia
  •  meeting place
    House of Dreams
    Zhoushan village, China
  •  education
    LA VIEJA
    Montebello, Cali, Colombia
  •  meeting place
    SBNAI Davao Social Space & Landscape Project
    Davao City, Philippines
next