Post-Tsunami Rehabilitation
Kirinda, Sri Lanka
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Built in cooperation with students and the villagers.

image: Dominic Sansoni | © all rights reserved
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Category:
housing
Phase:
in use
Design:
Shigeru Ban Architects
Updated:
17 May 2013
introduction

Recently nominated for the triennial 'Aga Khan Award for Architecture 2013', this post-tsunami housing project of Shigeru Ban Architects located in Kirinda (Tissamaharama, Sri Lanka) is a good example of a disaster relief project adapted to the needs of it's inhabitants.

Site plan

image: Shigeru Ban Architects | © all rights reserved
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Bird's-eye view of the site after the Tsunami

image: Shigeru Ban Architects | © all rights reserved
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Bird's-eye view of the village after the reconstruction

image: Shigeru Ban Architects | © all rights reserved
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Bird's-eye view of the current village

image: Shigeru Ban Architects | © all rights reserved
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cultural and social context

Sri Lanka is a very religious country. It is an important part of their daily life. There are four major denominations: Theravada Buddhism (± 70%), Hinduism (± 13%), Islam (± 10%) and Christianity (± 7%).

Interior view of the hall which can be seperated from the roofed court by folding doors.

image: Dominic Sansoni | © all rights reserved
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Roofed court

image: Dominic Sansoni | © all rights reserved
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Roofed court

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materials and building techniques

Since this is a rehabilitation project, the projects main focus was to push down building costs and shorten the time to completion. With this in mind, Shigeru Ban developed a design that has a simplified structure and uses locally produced materials.

Setting out

image: Colliers Kirinda Trust | copyright unknown
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Foundation

image: Colliers Kirinda Trust | copyright unknown
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Compressed Earth Block (CEB), made from a mixture of clay and cement

image: Shigeru Ban Architects | © all rights reserved
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Student participation

image: Shigeru Ban Architects | © all rights reserved
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Standard masonry techniques

image: Shigeru Ban Architects | © all rights reserved
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Wall construction

image: Shigeru Ban Architects | © all rights reserved
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Community participation

image: Colliers Kirinda Trust | copyright unknown
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Constructing the roof (rubberwood)

image: Colliers Kirinda Trust | copyright unknown
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Interior view of the wooden roof

image: Colliers Kirinda Trust | copyright unknown
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Exterior view

image: Eresh Weerasuriya | © all rights reserved
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Detail of the woodwork (rubberwood)

image: Eresh Weerasuriya | © all rights reserved
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Roofed court, a semi-open space

image: Eresh Weerasuriya | © all rights reserved
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Roofed court, modifiable by the folding doors

image: Eresh Weerasuriya | © all rights reserved
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Interior view of the hall

image: Dominic Sansoni | © all rights reserved
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Interior view of the bedroom

image: Dominic Sansoni | © all rights reserved
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Tree planting by students

image: Shigeru Ban Architects | © all rights reserved
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earth and climate

Sri Lanka's climate can be described as tropical. The country has year-round warm weather with an average temperature of 28°/30°C. The pattern of life in Sri Lanka depends directly on the availability of rainwater. The coastal village, Kirinda lies in the southeast part of the country which is also known as the 'dry zone'. It receives between 1200/1900 mm of rain annually.

Kirinda street view

image: Shigeru Ban Architects | © all rights reserved
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image gallery
Exterior view

image: Eresh Weerasuriya | © all rights reserved
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Exterior view

image: Eresh Weerasuriya | © all rights reserved
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Exterior view

image: Dominic Sansoni | © all rights reserved
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Exterior view

image: Colliers Kirinda Trust | copyright unknown
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technical drawings
Model house

image: Shigeru Ban Architects | © all rights reserved
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Axonometric

image: Shigeru Ban Architects | © all rights reserved
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Floor plan

image: Shigeru Ban Architects | © all rights reserved
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Section A-A

image: Shigeru Ban Architects | © all rights reserved
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Section B-B

image: Shigeru Ban Architects | © all rights reserved
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Location
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Explore more inspirations
Keyword:
disaster (16)
mud brick (24)
local resources (88)
participation (91)
student participation (43)
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