Black Bamboo Community Center
Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Written by:
follow
share on:mail linkcopy link to clipboardShare via LinkedInShare via TwitterShare via FacebookShare via Facebook
A community center built by volunteers above drainage.

image: Andrea Fitrianto | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
Category:
housing
Phase:
in use
Design:
Andrea Fitrianto and Jasri Mulia
Updated:
26 July 2021
introduction

Constrained by scarcity of space and finance, an informal community in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, managed to get what they needed most; a space for gathering. The new community center is made out of local black bamboo nesting over drainage, facing Winongo River. The structure was built by community volunteers after an initiative of the local savings group. Being part of a city-wide community network, the process and result exemplify bottom-up approach, inclusiveness, and participation in urban development.

cultural and social context

For the people of Kampung Pakuncen regular meeting is a basic need. The community exists for three decades but today, as population increases, houses were too small to host meetings. Meetings were hardly effective because of many members were excluded, thus risk to degrade social cohesion.

Prior to the project implementation, some of community women joined Kalijawi collective, a city-wide network consists of 31 riverside communities in Yogyakarta. They expressed their willing to have a new community center, then Kalijawi suggested to start a savings group. Soon, the architects of Arkomjogja, an architectural not-for-profit who partnered with Kaijawi, came to work with the community.

Everyday, the savings member family would spare 7.6 cent Euro for the project. Within four months they have raised enough money to kick-start the project. It took less than two months for construction. At the end, the new community center costs around 1.600 euro where a share of one-fourth is paid through a community loan from Kalijawi. The work is associated with the Asian Coalition for Community Action (ACCA) program of the Asian Coalition for Housing Rights (ACHR).

Place for hanging out

image: Andrea Fitrianto | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
For a wedding ceremony

image: Andrea Fitrianto | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
Youngsters playing chess

image: Andrea Fitrianto | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
The community center can host up to fifty person

image: Panji Jarmiko | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
materials and building techniques

Bamboo is a versatile plant within the family of grass that is familiar to many cultures of the Americas, the Pacifics, Africa, and Asia. Traditionally, bamboo is cultured for food, to make household tools, baskets, houses, bridges, etc. Unlike trees, harvesting bamboo culms does not kill the plant. Conversely, regular harvesting improves the vitality and productivity of the bamboo clump. For its uniqueness and sustainability bamboo is dubbed as material for the future.

Experienced in working with community, the architects of Arkomjogja suggest the use of local black bamboo (Gigantochloa atroviolacea) for the project. The joinery system with steel bolt and mortar infills on primary floor joints was rather new for the volunteers at Kampung Pakuncen. However, as confidence was gained through participations of the architects during construction. Through this rather democratic and more equal architecture, everyone learn something new about bamboo construction. This is including community women who helped to insert sand-cement mortar into the bamboo joints. The borax-treated bamboo, through community deal, gained from Bambubos with discounted price.

Learning new techniques

image: Andrea Fitrianto | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
Turning a negative space

image: Andrea Fitrianto | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
The joy of collective work

image: Andrea Fitrianto | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
Making bamboo dowels

image: Andrea Fitrianto | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
earth and climate

Located in the centre of Java island, Yogyakarta has hot-humid climate with temperature range between 22-30 throughout the year. Rainfall is rather high posing risks of water surge to structures near streams. This is anticipated on the community center design with generous overhangs and high clearance from drainage floor.

image gallery
View from east side

image: Andrea Fitrianto | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
Interior view

image: Andrea Fitrianto | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
Interior view towards east

image: Andrea Fitrianto | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
Footings and side panels

image: Andrea Fitrianto | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
Spanning the five meters wide drainage

image: Andrea Fitrianto | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
Floor truss arrangement

image: Andrea Fitrianto | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
Ray of truss

image: Andrea Fitrianto | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
Detail of pedestal

image: Andrea Fitrianto | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
Corner detail

image: Andrea Fitrianto | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
technical drawings
Computer generated model

image: Andrea Fitrianto | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
Scale model of floor system

image: Panji Jarmiko | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
Longitudinal section

image: Andrea Fitrianto | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
Transversal section

image: Andrea Fitrianto | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
Location
show earth plate boundarieshide earth plate boundaries
Explore more inspirations
Keyword:
bamboo (53)
crowdfunding (16)
participation (91)
informal settlement (62)
urban (33)
prev
  • finalist 2016
     education
    ModSkool
    New Delhi, India
  •  meeting place
    Farmers' Innovation Center (BLF)
    Angangba (Nagaland), India
  •  agriculture & fisheries
    Community Greenhouse
    Quito, Ecuador
  •  religion & memorial
    Bamboo chapels
    Jama, Ecuador
  •  education
    Bamboo Kindergarten
    Tasikmalaya, Indonesia
  •  education
    PLAYSCAPE
    Koh Rong Island, Cambodia
  •  meeting place
    CASA ENSAMBLE CHACARÁ
    Pereira, Colombia
  •  infrastructure
    Bamboo Bridge in Solo
    Solo, Indonesia
  •  meeting place
    BE friendly space
    Mao Khe, Vietnam
  •  meeting place
    BES Pavilion
    Ha Tinh city, Vietnam
  •  work & business
    Sembalun Bamboo Youth Development Centre
    Lombok, Indonesia
  •  meeting place
    Chamanga Cultural Center
    Chamanga, Ecuador
  •  meeting place
    Custody House Of Memory
    Pereira, Risaralda, Colombia
  • finalist 2021
     education
    Taller Tropical Moravia 2.0
    Medellín, Colombia
  •  education
    Bamboo Panyaden School
    Chiang Mai, Thailand
  •  education
    Bamboo Manta Ray
    Koh Kood, Thailand
  •  infrastructure
    Community Bamboo Footbridge
    Davao City, Philippines
  •  religion & memorial
    Ise Grand Shrine
    Ise, Mie prefecture, Japan
  •  emergency shelter
    Temporary Dormitories for Mae Tao Clinic
    Mae Sot, Thailand
  •  recreation & sport
    Jade Bamboo Cultural Plaza
    Shenzhen, China
  •  meeting place
    Community Center in Jatimulyo
    Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  •  recreation & sport
    Sport City
    Oaxaca de Juárez, Mexico
  •  education
    La Salle University
    Oaxaca de Juárez, Mexico
  •  emergency shelter
    Mud-Structure
    Kermanshah, Iran
  •  recreation & sport
    Rural Sports Center
    San Pedro Apóstol, Oaxaca, Mexico
  •  meeting place
    wNw Bar
    thu dau mot, Vietnam
  •  emergency shelter
    Bamboo Dome Structure
    Ramsar, Iran
  •  religion & memorial
    BAMBOO CHURCH
    yogyakarta, Indonesia
  •  education
    Tipu Sultan Merkez
    Jar Maulwi, Pakistan
  •  work & business
    Bamboo factory Bali
    Bali, Indonesia
  •  meeting place
    CICADA
    Taipei, Taiwan
  •  emergency shelter
    SBAM.it 2011
    Massarosa-Stiava (LU), Italy
  •  housing
    Open Source House Pilot
    Cape Coast, Ghana
  •  housing
    CASA RANA
    Tamil Nadu, India
  •  housing
    Co-housing Project at Ciliwung Riverfront
    Jakarta, Indonesia
  •  housing
    PHOOLNA - teachers accomodation
    Sunderpur, Raxaul, India
  •  education
    Deyalkotha
    Dhaka, Bangladesh
  •  housing
    Courtyard House
    Trapang Angchang, Cambodia
  •  housing
    BAMBÚ SOCIAL
    El Rama, Nicaragua
  •  education
    Wadi Abu Hindi Playground
    Wadi Abu Hindi Bedouin camp, Palestinian Territories
  •  education
    Bamboo Alternative School
    Bogor, Indonesia
  •  education
    Colegio de las Aguas Montebello
    Cali - Montebello, Colombia
  •  education
    Wadi Abu Hindi Primary School
    Wadi Abu Hindi Bedouin camp, Palestinian Territories
  •  education
    LA VIEJA
    Montebello, Cali, Colombia
  •  meeting place
    Pondok Tagal
    Kampung Maligan, Malaysia
  •  education
    MOVING school 001
    Mae Sot, Thailand
  •  education
    EDAYA indigenous crafts and design school
    Baguio, Philippines
  •  education
    MOVING school 002
    Mae Ramat, Thailand
  •  education
    METI school
    Rudrapur, Bangladesh
  •  education
    Safe Haven Library
    Ban Tha Song Yang, Thailand
  •  meeting place
    Pavilions For Okana
    Okana Road, Kenya
  •  education
    Habitat initiative cabo delgado
    Cabo Delgado, Mozambique
  •  education
    Pani community centre
    Rajarhat, Bangladesh
next