The 2022 Global Challenge is closed for submissions.

search
×
menu
login
donate
Tipu Sultan Merkez
Jar Maulwi, Pakistan
Written by:
follow
share on:mail linkcopy link to clipboardShare via LinkedInShare via TwitterShare via FacebookShare via Facebook
Locally-manufactured cob and bamboo school building.

image: Ziegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure | © all rights reserved
i
Category:
education
Phase:
in use
Design:
Ziegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure
Updated:
15 May 2014
introduction

The design of the school incorporates local building traditions, and is intended as an example of modern earthen architecture in Pakistan. Besides ecological and economical considerations, strengthening the local identity has also played an immanent role in the design process. The construction method of the school has been coordinated to match the capabilities of local craftsmen so that they are trained as specialists to build within the local context & in the improved building system. In the long-term, TSM plans to expand its activities in the area of vocational training, and to become a contact partner in the region for this purpose.

Traditional earthen building, cob material.

image: VEBS e.V. | © all rights reserved
i
read more >
< read less
cultural and social context

The project is located in rural Punjab; more precisely, the school is located close to the village Jar Maulwi in the district of Sheikhupura, approximately 70 km from the important city of Lahore. Punjab qualifies as the country's most densely populated province. The area is characterised by structural poverty, especially a lack of health care, reduced earning opportunities, and educational institutions. The rate of illiteracy in Pakistan is 50%, which is the most severe in all of Asia.

read more >
< read less
materials and building techniques

Found in various regions of Pakistan, vernacular architecture is developed according to local climatic conditions, available natural resources, and the population lifestyle. The most important construction materials are earth and wood, which are applied in diverse construction techniques and forms.

The use of earth as a construction material is especially popular in areas that are level with rivers. The material is a product of flood plains. Wood is also an important traditional building material, but displacement and deforestation continues to make wood expensive and scarce. Wood has always been an important trade good, and today, it is still reserved for the construction of ceilings in buildings. Since the traditional earthen building style requires high maintenance and is seen as outdated, more and more people are using baked bricks and concrete, which omits the climatic advantages of earth as a construction material.

Local residential buildings are, in general, constructed in very simply ways; they have a foundation and are severely susceptible to weather damage. Due to a lack of any horizontal barrier, moisture is able to rise upwards which weakens and damages the foundation. Pests are also able to enter into the structure at a much faster rate. Instable ceiling structure is also a problem. Though the construction is not designed to be walked on, inhabitants frequently use the roof as a living area and to sleep, especially during the summer. This quickly leads to cracks that damage the building, and it also exposes the structure to climate changes. Since the solid exterior walls usually have only a few small openings, there is also a lack of daylight which reduces the quality of interior living conditions.

Mixing brickearth.

image: Roswag Architekten | © all rights reserved
i
Laying the lowest row of the brick foundation.

image: Roswag Architekten | © all rights reserved
i
Cob bricks.

image: Roswag Architekten | © all rights reserved
i
Existing school structure including veranda.

image: VEBS e.V. | © all rights reserved
i
read more >
< read less
earth and climate

The ceiling and the classic flat-roof structure consist of a triple-layer bamboo structure that is covered with a layer of earth.

The moisture-regulating property of the earth in combination with natural cooling at night (ventilation through the window opening) allows additional air conditioning to be omitted during the hot summer months.

In the winter, the building is warmed via passive solar energy due to its north-south orientation. Sufficient large windows may be opened to provide good natural lighting. The roofed veranda area provides a well-ventilated outdoor room, and the surrounding bamboo curtain also acts as a good sunshade.

The classrooms are connected via a two-story bamboo veranda, which also serves as an extended classroom. This forms a buffer zone as well to protect the earth walls behind this against the monsoon rains that mainly approach from the north-west.

image: Roswag Architekten | © all rights reserved
i
image gallery
Interior of a classroom.

image: Roswag Architekten | © all rights reserved
i
Veranda.

image: Roswag Architekten | © all rights reserved
i
Ramming nodes for treatment with borax-salt solution.

image: Roswag Architekten | © all rights reserved
i
Constructing the ceiling.

image: Roswag Architekten | © all rights reserved
i
Insertion of brickearth floor into the first floor.

image: Roswag Architekten | © all rights reserved
i
Bamboo structure as top floor.

image: Roswag Architekten | © all rights reserved
i
technical drawings
Earthen buildings compared to concrete structures.

image: Ziegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure | © all rights reserved
i
The building material bamboo compared to wood.

image: Ziegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure | © all rights reserved
i
Overview.

image: Ziegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure | © all rights reserved
i
Plan.

image: Ziegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure | © all rights reserved
i
Elevation.

image: Ziegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure | © all rights reserved
i
Climate control.

image: Ziegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure | © all rights reserved
i
Construction phases.

image: Ziegert | Roswag | Seiler Architekten Ingenieure | © all rights reserved
i
Location
show earth plate boundarieshide earth plate boundaries
Explore more inspirations
Keyword:
bamboo (57)
earth (59)
earthquake (20)
craftsmanship (25)
climate (17)
prev
  •  education
    SAL Exhibition Pavilion/Learning by Making
    Ahmedabad, India
  •  housing
    CASA RANA
    Tamil Nadu, India
  •  emergency shelter
    Bamboo Dome Structure
    Ramsar, Iran
  •  education
    MOVING school 001
    Mae Sot, Thailand
  •  religion & memorial
    Ise Grand Shrine
    Ise, Mie prefecture, Japan
  •  housing
    BAMBÚ SOCIAL
    El Rama, Nicaragua
  •  work & business
    Sembalun Bamboo Youth Development Centre
    Lombok, Indonesia
  •  agriculture & fisheries
    Community Greenhouse
    Quito, Ecuador
  •  housing
    Open Source House Pilot
    Cape Coast, Ghana
  •  education
    Bamboo Alternative School
    Bogor, Indonesia
  •  meeting place
    BE friendly space
    Mao Khe, Vietnam
  •  meeting place
    El Tr3bol de Ciudad de Cali
    Bogotá, Colombia
  •  housing
    PHOOLNA - teachers accomodation
    Sunderpur, Raxaul, India
  •  meeting place
    Community Center in Jatimulyo
    Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  •  housing
    Courtyard House
    Trapang Angchang, Cambodia
  •  religion & memorial
    Bamboo chapels
    Jama, Ecuador
  •  meeting place
    BES Pavilion
    Ha Tinh city, Vietnam
  •  recreation & sport
    Rural Sports Center
    San Pedro Apóstol, Oaxaca, Mexico
  •  education
    Colegio de las Aguas Montebello
    Cali - Montebello, Colombia
  •  housing
    Co-housing Project at Ciliwung Riverfront
    Jakarta, Indonesia
  •  religion & memorial
    BAMBOO CHURCH
    yogyakarta, Indonesia
  •  recreation & sport
    Sport City
    Oaxaca de Juárez, Mexico
  •  education
    Bamboo Panyaden School
    Chiang Mai, Thailand
  •  meeting place
    Pondok Tagal
    Kampung Maligan, Malaysia
  •  education
    Senior Citizen’s Library
    Bhatpore Village Surat, India
  •  education
    Bamboo Kindergarten
    Tasikmalaya, Indonesia
  •  education
    PLAYSCAPE
    Koh Rong Island, Cambodia
  •  emergency shelter
    Mud-Structure
    Kermanshah, Iran
  •  education
    Wadi Abu Hindi Primary School
    Wadi Abu Hindi Bedouin camp, Palestinian Territories
  •  work & business
    Bamboo factory Bali
    Bali, Indonesia
  •  education
    La Salle University
    Oaxaca de Juárez, Mexico
  • finalist 2016
     education
    ModSkool
    New Delhi, India
  •  emergency shelter
    Temporary Dormitories for Mae Tao Clinic
    Mae Sot, Thailand
  •  education
    Majuli School / GENERATING RESILIENCE
    majuli, India
  •  education
    Deyalkotha
    Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • play
    2021 finalist
     education
    Taller Tropical Moravia 2.0
    Medellín, Colombia
  •  education
    Okana center for change
    Okana, Kenya
  •  education
    Bamboo Manta Ray
    Koh Kood, Thailand
  •  education
    LA VIEJA
    Montebello, Cali, Colombia
  •  meeting place
    CICADA
    Taipei, Taiwan
  •  housing
    Black Bamboo Community Center
    Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  •  meeting place
    CASA ENSAMBLE CHACARÁ
    Pereira, Colombia
  •  meeting place
    wNw Bar
    thu dau mot, Vietnam
  •  recreation & sport
    Jade Bamboo Cultural Plaza
    Shenzhen, China
  •  meeting place
    Chamanga Cultural Center
    Chamanga, Ecuador
  •  meeting place
    Custody House Of Memory
    Pereira, Risaralda, Colombia
  •  meeting place
    Farmers' Innovation Center (BLF)
    Angangba (Nagaland), India
  •  infrastructure
    Community Bamboo Footbridge
    Davao City, Philippines
  •  education
    Wadi Abu Hindi Playground
    Wadi Abu Hindi Bedouin camp, Palestinian Territories
  •  emergency shelter
    SBAM.it 2011
    Massarosa-Stiava (LU), Italy
  •  infrastructure
    Bamboo Bridge in Solo
    Solo, Indonesia
  •  education
    Safe Haven Library
    Ban Tha Song Yang, Thailand
  •  education
    METI school
    Rudrapur, Bangladesh
  •  education
    EDAYA indigenous crafts and design school
    Baguio, Philippines
  •  education
    MOVING school 002
    Mae Ramat, Thailand
  •  education
    Habitat initiative cabo delgado
    Cabo Delgado, Mozambique
  •  education
    Pani community centre
    Rajarhat, Bangladesh
next