The Self-made Dwelling
Dharavi, India
Written by:
follow
share on:mail linkcopy link to clipboardShare via LinkedInShare via TwitterShare via FacebookShare via Facebook
architecture without architects

image: Sytse de Maat | © all rights reserved
i
Category:
urban planning
Phase:
in use
Design:
by people themselves
Updated:
15 May 2014
introduction

Perhaps informal settlement is the phenomenon that most challenges the role of architects. Informal settlement is hip. Slum, favelas, barrios, townships, geçekondus, all are hip. Prestigious universities organize fieldtrips for their students. Urbanists, economists, sociologists, anthropologists, and many others write about these habitats that developed without planning or top-down policies. And still these areas thrive and host many people.

What no architect could ever design.

image: Sytse de Maat | © all rights reserved
i
read more >
< read less
cultural and social context

Slum develops during high urbanization. The influx of labour from the countryside to the city goes far beyond the housing and absorption capacity of the city. Industrialization is a powerful driver of urbanization. During the industrial revolution, many slums emerged in Western cities. In factory towns, people lived in high density under miserable conditions. This side effect of the industrial revolution was overcome by introducing legislation that set conditions on the quality of housing. In addition, many manufacturers took the initiative to organize a good home for their employees.

Shop space was extended at the first floor into the alleyway.

image: Sytse de Maat | © all rights reserved
i
read more >
< read less
materials and building techniques

Active seeing is a method by which we can easily access the architecture of informal settlement. The example below deals with how to connect with the upper floor. Note that many solutions are covering multiple needs and that there is little use in making “scientific” analyses by means of deconstructing a case into segregated concepts. Let’s forget about such an approach, have a down-to-earth look, and rely on common sense.

Photo 1. Multi family dwelling. Upstairs has an independent entrance.

image: Sytse de Maat | © all rights reserved
i
Photo 2. Shop houses. First floor front doors are accessible by ladders.

image: Sytse de Maat | © all rights reserved
i
Photo 3. Shop houses without front doors, access to top floor through a hatch.

image: Sytse de Maat | © all rights reserved
i
Photo 4. A ladder giving access to the upper floor through a hatch.

image: Sytse de Maat | © all rights reserved
i
Photo 5. Chawl with ladder and floor hatch.

image: Sytse de Maat | © all rights reserved
i
Photo 6. Chawls are recognizable by the series. In their terrace houses like setting, they distinguish clearly from slum.

image: Sytse de Maat | © all rights reserved
i
Photo 7. Colossal stone steps.

image: Sytse de Maat | © all rights reserved
i
Photo 8. Three houses showing three different outcrops of the upper floor.

image: Sytse de Maat | © all rights reserved
i
read more >
< read less
image gallery
Dharavi impression-1

image: Akshay Mahajan | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
Dharavi impression-2

image: Akshay Mahajan | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
Dharavi impression-3

image: Akshay Mahajan | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
Dharavi impression-4

image: Akshay Mahajan | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
Dharavi impression-5

image: Akshay Mahajan | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
Shot from the Sion-Mahim bridge looking over Dharavi

image: Meena Kadri | CC-BY-NC-ND_black.png some rights reserved
i
Housing and recycling units at Dharavi, flanked by a mosque. (one of 11 in the area)

image: Meena Kadri | CC-BY-NC-ND_black.png some rights reserved
i
Location
show earth plate boundarieshide earth plate boundaries
Explore more inspirations
Keyword:
urban (33)
informal settlement (61)
craftsmanship (25)
hands-on (39)
local resources (88)
recycled recources (47)
reuse building (21)
traditional human settlement (9)
prev
  •  meeting place
    Favela open library/ School of Favela Architecture
    Maceio, Brazil
  •  meeting place
    ESTONOESUNSOLAR
    Zaragoza, Spain
  •  housing
    Design Home Solution
    Delhi, India
  •  housing
    LISBOA 7
    mexico city, Mexico
  •  meeting place
    Place au Changement
    Saint-Étienne, France
  •  infrastructure
    Panyoles pedestrian zone
    Banyoles, Spain
  •  meeting place
    open architecture
    Tokyo, Japan
  •  infrastructure
    La Lira, Pedestrian Bridge and Public Space
    Ripoll, Spain
  •  meeting place
    Chiwiñas Shadows
    El Alto, Bolivia
  •  housing
    PREVI
    Lima, Peru
  •  housing
    White Building
    Phnom Penh, Cambodia
  •  housing
    Edifício São Vito
    São Paulo, Brazil
  •  housing
    Rooftop dwellings
    Tai kok tsui, Hong Kong
  •  housing
    Torre de David
    Caracas, Venezuela
  •  housing
    87 Ma May house
    Hanoi, Vietnam
  •  recreation & sport
    Vertical Gymnasium
    Caracas, Venezuela
  •  urban planning
    arcosanti
    Arizona, U.S.A.
  •  work & business
    Post CS
    Amsterdam, Netherlands
  •  education
    Fuji Kindergarten
    Tachikawa, Japan
  •  housing
    E3, Berlin
    Berlin, Germany
  •  education
    Deyalkotha
    Dhaka, Bangladesh
  •  urban planning
    Old walled city of Shibam
    Shibam
  •  urban planning
    Re-imagining tea carts in Calicut, India
    Calicut, India
  •  education
    FAVA School for Individuals with Autism
    Caracas, Venezuela
  •  meeting place
    Kariakoo Market
    Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
  •  housing
    Co-housing Project at Ciliwung Riverfront
    Jakarta, Indonesia
  •  infrastructure
    Community Bamboo Footbridge
    Davao City, Philippines
  •  recreation & sport
    Jade Bamboo Cultural Plaza
    Shenzhen, China
  • finalist 2021
     meeting place
    Community Kickstarter: Ger District Viewing Deck
    Mongolia
  •  housing
    Arquitectura en Altura
    El Alto, Bolivia
  •  housing
    Black Bamboo Community Center
    Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  •  meeting place
    CICADA
    Taipei, Taiwan
  •  education
    Ruin Academy
    Taipei , Taiwan
next