The 2022 Global Challenge is launching soon!  Read more

search
×
menu
The Self-made Dwelling
Dharavi, India
Written by:
follow
share on:mail linkcopy link to clipboardShare via LinkedInShare via TwitterShare via FacebookShare via Facebook
architecture without architects

image: Sytse de Maat | © all rights reserved
i
Category:
urban planning
Phase:
in use
Design:
by people themselves
Updated:
15 May 2014
introduction

Perhaps informal settlement is the phenomenon that most challenges the role of architects. Informal settlement is hip. Slum, favelas, barrios, townships, geçekondus, all are hip. Prestigious universities organize fieldtrips for their students. Urbanists, economists, sociologists, anthropologists, and many others write about these habitats that developed without planning or top-down policies. And still these areas thrive and host many people.

What no architect could ever design.

image: Sytse de Maat | © all rights reserved
i
read more >
< read less
cultural and social context

Slum develops during high urbanization. The influx of labour from the countryside to the city goes far beyond the housing and absorption capacity of the city. Industrialization is a powerful driver of urbanization. During the industrial revolution, many slums emerged in Western cities. In factory towns, people lived in high density under miserable conditions. This side effect of the industrial revolution was overcome by introducing legislation that set conditions on the quality of housing. In addition, many manufacturers took the initiative to organize a good home for their employees.

Shop space was extended at the first floor into the alleyway.

image: Sytse de Maat | © all rights reserved
i
read more >
< read less
materials and building techniques

Active seeing is a method by which we can easily access the architecture of informal settlement. The example below deals with how to connect with the upper floor. Note that many solutions are covering multiple needs and that there is little use in making “scientific” analyses by means of deconstructing a case into segregated concepts. Let’s forget about such an approach, have a down-to-earth look, and rely on common sense.

Photo 1. Multi family dwelling. Upstairs has an independent entrance.

image: Sytse de Maat | © all rights reserved
i
Photo 2. Shop houses. First floor front doors are accessible by ladders.

image: Sytse de Maat | © all rights reserved
i
Photo 3. Shop houses without front doors, access to top floor through a hatch.

image: Sytse de Maat | © all rights reserved
i
Photo 4. A ladder giving access to the upper floor through a hatch.

image: Sytse de Maat | © all rights reserved
i
Photo 5. Chawl with ladder and floor hatch.

image: Sytse de Maat | © all rights reserved
i
Photo 6. Chawls are recognizable by the series. In their terrace houses like setting, they distinguish clearly from slum.

image: Sytse de Maat | © all rights reserved
i
Photo 7. Colossal stone steps.

image: Sytse de Maat | © all rights reserved
i
Photo 8. Three houses showing three different outcrops of the upper floor.

image: Sytse de Maat | © all rights reserved
i
read more >
< read less
image gallery
Dharavi impression-1

image: Akshay Mahajan | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
Dharavi impression-2

image: Akshay Mahajan | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
Dharavi impression-3

image: Akshay Mahajan | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
Dharavi impression-4

image: Akshay Mahajan | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
Dharavi impression-5

image: Akshay Mahajan | CC-BY-NC-SA_black.png some rights reserved
i
Shot from the Sion-Mahim bridge looking over Dharavi

image: Meena Kadri | CC-BY-NC-ND_black.png some rights reserved
i
Housing and recycling units at Dharavi, flanked by a mosque. (one of 11 in the area)

image: Meena Kadri | CC-BY-NC-ND_black.png some rights reserved
i
Location
show earth plate boundarieshide earth plate boundaries
Explore more inspirations
Keyword:
urban (33)
informal settlement (61)
craftsmanship (25)
hands-on (39)
local resources (88)
recycled recources (47)
reuse building (21)
traditional human settlement (9)
prev
  •  housing
    White Building
    Phnom Penh, Cambodia
  •  housing
    Torre de David
    Caracas, Venezuela
  •  meeting place
    Place au Changement
    Saint-Étienne, France
  •  meeting place
    open architecture
    Tokyo, Japan
  •  housing
    Edifício São Vito
    São Paulo, Brazil
  •  recreation & sport
    Vertical Gymnasium
    Caracas, Venezuela
  •  housing
    87 Ma May house
    Hanoi, Vietnam
  •  meeting place
    Favela open library/ School of Favela Architecture
    Maceio, Brazil
  •  infrastructure
    La Lira, Pedestrian Bridge and Public Space
    Ripoll, Spain
  •  meeting place
    ESTONOESUNSOLAR
    Zaragoza, Spain
  •  urban planning
    arcosanti
    Arizona, U.S.A.
  •  meeting place
    Chiwiñas Shadows
    El Alto, Bolivia
  •  housing
    Rooftop dwellings
    Tai kok tsui, Hong Kong
  •  housing
    Design Home Solution
    Delhi, India
  •  work & business
    Post CS
    Amsterdam, Netherlands
  •  housing
    PREVI
    Lima, Peru
  •  education
    Fuji Kindergarten
    Tachikawa, Japan
  •  housing
    LISBOA 7
    mexico city, Mexico
  •  infrastructure
    Panyoles pedestrian zone
    Banyoles, Spain
  •  housing
    E3, Berlin
    Berlin, Germany
  •  education
    Deyalkotha
    Dhaka, Bangladesh
  •  education
    FAVA School for Individuals with Autism
    Caracas, Venezuela
  •  meeting place
    Kariakoo Market
    Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
  •  urban planning
    Re-imagining tea carts in Calicut, India
    Calicut, India
  •  urban planning
    Old walled city of Shibam
    Shibam
  •  recreation & sport
    Jade Bamboo Cultural Plaza
    Shenzhen, China
  •  housing
    Co-housing Project at Ciliwung Riverfront
    Jakarta, Indonesia
  •  infrastructure
    Community Bamboo Footbridge
    Davao City, Philippines
  •  education
    Ruin Academy
    Taipei , Taiwan
  •  meeting place
    CICADA
    Taipei, Taiwan
  •  housing
    Arquitectura en Altura
    El Alto, Bolivia
  •  housing
    Black Bamboo Community Center
    Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • 2021 finalist
     meeting place
    Community Kickstarter: Ger District Viewing Deck
    Mongolia
next