Shanmen Public Bathhouse
Tianshui Gansu, China
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Village sustainable bathhouse.

image: BaO Architects | CC-BY_black.png some rights reserved
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Category:
health & sanitation
Phase:
in use
Design:
BaO architects
Updated:
3 November 2011
introduction

/// Split bathhouse

The project is split in two distinct buildings, one for men, one for women, that are linked in the middle by a shared space in the form of a greenhouse that utilizes passive solar energy. This “public” gathering space can be completely opened on both sides to become a half-inside/half-outside buffer zone and to permit users to circulate in, through and enter or exit the building from multiple routes. Using the two bathing wings as structural walls, the generous spaces of the greenhouse were built for a very low cost with local materials and techniques.

The two inverted blocks, with their roofs springing out from the central greenhouse, contain a green and a yellow bathing space for men and women. Each of them is organized along a sequence of entrance, where one change shoes or access bathrooms, locker room with washbasins and changing facilities, and a shower space containing 12 shower heads each. A full-length window strip simultaneously brings light into the spaces and permits proper cross ventilation and steam extraction. The volumes are intentionally completely opened with simple details in order to guaranty easy maintenance and good hygiene of the spaces.

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cultural and social context

Shanmen bathhouse

Shanmen, a village located in the mountains near Tianshui in Gansu Province, asked BaO architects and the Children of Madaifu association to help them build a small community bathhouse. The villagers and the schools had no possibility to wash in the town since there is neither public facility of any kind, nor private bathrooms in the houses. The precarious hygiene conditions are source of many discomforts, infections, diseases, plagues and even outbreaks of epidemics.

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image gallery
Bathhouse

image: BaO | CC-BY_black.png some rights reserved
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Bathhouse

image: BaO | CC-BY_black.png some rights reserved
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Bathhouse

image: BaO | CC-BY_black.png some rights reserved
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Bathhouse

image: BaO | CC-BY_black.png some rights reserved
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Bathhouse

image: BaO | CC-BY_black.png some rights reserved
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Bathhouse

image: BaO | CC-BY_black.png some rights reserved
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Bathhouse

image: BaO | CC-BY_black.png some rights reserved
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Bathhouse

image: BaO | CC-BY_black.png some rights reserved
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Bathhouse

image: BaO | CC-BY_black.png some rights reserved
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Bathhouse

image: BaO | CC-BY_black.png some rights reserved
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Bathhouse

image: BaO | CC-BY_black.png some rights reserved
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Bathhouse

image: BaO | CC-BY_black.png some rights reserved
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technical drawings
split bathhouse

image: BaO | CC-BY_black.png some rights reserved
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masterplan

image: BaO | CC-BY_black.png some rights reserved
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section

image: BaO | CC-BY_black.png some rights reserved
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water cycle

image: BaO | CC-BY_black.png some rights reserved
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phytormediation

image: BaO | CC-BY_black.png some rights reserved
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dry toilets

image: BaO | CC-BY_black.png some rights reserved
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