Perhaps informal settlement is the phenomenon that most challenges the role of architects. Informal settlement is hip. Slum, favelas, barrios, townships, geçekondus, all are hip. Prestigious universities organize fieldtrips for their students. Urbanists, economists, sociologists, anthropologists, and many others write about these habitats that developed without planning or top-down policies. And still these areas thrive and host many people.
Slum develops during high urbanization. The influx of labour from the countryside to the city goes far beyond the housing and absorption capacity of the city. Industrialization is a powerful driver of urbanization. During the industrial revolution, many slums emerged in Western cities. In factory towns, people lived in high density under miserable conditions. This side effect of the industrial revolution was overcome by introducing legislation that set conditions on the quality of housing. In addition, many manufacturers took the initiative to organize a good home for their employees.
Active seeing is a method by which we can easily access the architecture of informal settlement. The example below deals with how to connect with the upper floor. Note that many solutions are covering multiple needs and that there is little use in making “scientific” analyses by means of deconstructing a case into segregated concepts. Let’s forget about such an approach, have a down-to-earth look, and rely on common sense.
Description: architecture without architects
Category: urban planning
Design: by people themselves
Consultants: their neighbours
Building status: in use
Construction period: whenever a change is needed
Location: Dharavi, India
Coordinates: 19°2'44'' N, 72°51'23.1'' E
Tags: urban, informal settlement, craftsmanship, favela, hands-on, local resources, recycled recources, reuse building, traditional human settlement
Project ID: 57
Published: 4 July 2011
Last updated: 15 May 2014
(images have individual licenses)